SYNTHESIS AND PORTRAYAL OF ZEOLITES FROM SALT
SITI AIDA BINTI IBRAHIM
Thesis submitted in fulfillment from the
requirements to get the degree
of Master of Science
Thank you to Allah intended for His Benefit and offering me a great ability and strength to complete this thesis.
Firstly, I would like expressing my greatest gratitude to my boss Dr . Norlia Baharun for her expert direction, constant attention, valuable recommendations, enthusiastic support and personal concern during the research and throughout the course of my personal study. Her fruitful ideas throughout the research study has allowed me to accomplished this work successfully.
Special due to Dean of School of Material and Mineral Assets Engineering, Associate Professor Dr . Khairun Azizi Azizli for her permission to let me make use of all the brilliant facilities and equipment in completing my project.
management, she has created a healthy learning environment inside the school. I would also like to increase my honest appreciation for all your lecturers inside the school especially to Connect Professor Dr . Azizan Aziz for his support and guidance throughout my analyze. I would like to thank the technical ecuries of School of Materials and Mineral Solutions Engineering, specifically to Mdm. Fong Shelter Lee, Mister. Shaarani, Miss Mahani and Mr. Hasnor for their various contributions in a single way yet another.
To my own dear close friends,
Nurul'Ain, Norwanis, Roshazita, Faizul, Shahrizam,
Suhaina, Dr . Hasmaliza, Dr . Zuhailawati and all close members of postgraduate area of School of Materials and Mineral Methods Engineering, thanks to making my life in USM so colourful and enjoyable. The memory of our camaraderie will forever stay inside my cardiovascular.
Previous, but not least to my family especially to my ever-loving mother who are always on my side, Hajjah Rinah Binti Mohd. Jirin, Thank you for the support and the confidence you gave me to pursue my dreams. Not to forget, my family members who have always be there to me through my thick and thin.
May possibly ALLAH bless all of us in support of HE, the Almighty could repay my debts to all of you.
Wassalamu'alaikum warahmatullah wabarakatuh.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF FURNITURE
SET OF FIGURES
LIST OF CHINA
SET OF SYMBOLS
LIST OF DECREASE
LIST OF APPENDICES
LIST OF JOURNALS & SEMINARS
PHASE ONE: INTRO
1 . one particular
1 . two
The importance of research
1 . a few
The targets of the analysis
1 ) 4
Opportunity of the study
CHAPTER TWO: MATERIALS REVIEW
installment payments on your 1
2 . 2
installment payments on your 3
installment payments on your 4
All-natural Occurrence of Zeolite
2 . 5
Synthesis of Zeolite
2 . 6
2 . 6. 1 Zeolite in Adsorption and Separation
installment payments on your 6. a couple of Zeolite in Ion Exchange
2 . 6. a few Zeolite in Catalysis
2 . 6. 4 Various other Application
2 . six
Comparison Between Natural and Synthetic Zeolite
installment payments on your 8
Sol-Gel Processing on Hydrothermal State
2 . 8. you General Description
2 . almost eight. 2 App to Zeolite Synthesis
2 . almost 8. 3 Factors Affecting The Zeolite Synthesis
PHASE THREE: SUPPLIES AND FRESH WORK
3. 1 ) 3 Anhydrous sodium aluminate
Test Preparation and Experimental Treatment
three or more. 2 . one particular Solution Preparation and Make up
3. 2 . a couple of Sequence of Mixing Order
3. 2 . 3 Hydrothermal Treatment
3. 2 . 4 Purification, Washing and Drying
Characterization in the Synthesized Zeolite
several. 3. you X-Ray Dispersion (XRD)
3. 3. 2 Particle Size Analyzer
a few. 3. three or more Determination of Specific Area (BET)
3. several. 4 Fourier Transformed Infra Red (FT-IR) Spectroscopy
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